S6. Stimulants

If a Substance or Method is not defined in this list, please verify with your Anti-Doping Organization.

All stimulants, including all optical isomers e.g. d- and l- where relevant, are prohibited.

Stimulants include:

a: Non-Specified Stimulants:

  • adrafinil
  • amfepramone
  • amfetamine
  • amfetaminil
  • amiphenazole
  • benfluorex
  • benzylpiperazine
  • bromantan
  • clobenzorex
  • cocaine
  • cropropamide
  • crotetamide
  • fencamine
  • fenetylline
  • fenfluramine
  • fenproporex
  • fonturacetam [4-phenylpiracetam (carphedon)]
  • furfenorex
  • mefenorex
  • mephentermine
  • mesocarb
  • metamfetamine (d-)
  • p-methylamphetamine
  • modafinil
  • norfenfluramine
  • phendimetrazine
  • phentermine
  • prenylamine
  • prolintane.

A stimulant not expressly listed in this section is a Specified Substance.

b: Specified Stimulants

Including, but not limited to:

  • benzfetamine
  • cathine**
  • cathinone and its analogues e.g. mephedrone, methedrone, α- pyrrolidinovalerophenone
  • dimethylamphetamine
  • ephedrine***
  • epinephrine**** (adrenaline)
  • etamivan
  • etilamfetamine
  • etilefrine
  • famprofazone
  • fenbutrazate
  • fencamfamin
  • heptaminol
  • hydroxyamfetamine (parahydroxyamphetamine)
  • isometheptene
  • levmetamfetamine
  • meclofenoxate
  • methylenedioxymethamphetamine
  • methylephedrine***
  • methylhexaneamine (dimethylpentylamine)
  • methylphenidate
  • nikethamide
  • norfenefrine
  • octopamine
  • oxilofrine (methylsynephrine)
  • pemoline
  • pentetrazol
  • phenethylamine and its derivatives;
  • phenmetrazine
  • phenpromethamine
  • propylhexedrine
  • pseudoephedrine*****
  • selegiline
  • sibutramine
  • strychnine
  • tenamfetamine (methylenedioxyamphetamine)
  • tuaminoheptane
  • and other substances with a similar chemical structure or similar biological effect(s).

Except:

Imidazole derivatives for topical/ophthalmic use and those stimulants included in the 2015 Monitoring Program.

* Bupropion, caffeine, nicotine, phenylephrine, phenylpropanolamine, pipradol and synephrine: These substances are included in the 2015 Monitoring Program, and are not considered Prohibited Substances.

** Cathine: Prohibited when its concentration in urine is greater than 5 micrograms per milliliter.

*** Ephedrine and methylephedrine: Prohibited when the concentration of either in urine is greater than 10 micrograms per milliliter.

**** Epinephrine (adrenaline): Not prohibited in local administration e.g. nasal, ophthalmologic or co-administration with local anaesthetic agents.

***** Pseudoephedrine: Prohibited when its concentration in urine is greater than 150 micrograms per milliliter.

If a Substance or Method is not found, please verify with your Anti-Doping Organization to ensure that this Substance or Method is not prohibited as a related Substance or Method that falls under an existing category.